Financial TimesMasters in Finance 2022 rankings: methodology and key

June 12, 20220

This is the 11th edition of the FT Global Masters in Finance rankings, which list both pre-experience programmes and post-experience degrees.

The FT defines pre-experience programmes as those aimed at students with little or no professional experience, while post-experience programmes require participants to have worked in finance.

Programmes must meet strict criteria to be eligible. They must be full-time, cohort-based and have a minimum of 30 graduates each year. Finally, the schools must be accredited by either AACSB (the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business) or Equis (EFMD Quality Improvement System).

A total of 81 schools took part in the 2022 edition of these rankings, 79 in the pre-experience ranking and five in the post-experience listing. Three schools, Amsterdam Business School, London Business School and Singapore Management University’s Lee Kong Chian, took part in both.

FT Masters in Finance rankings 2022

Students in a lecture at Cranfield School of Management, UK
The UK’s Cranfield School of Management is in our league table of postgraduate finance courses

Find out which schools are in our ranking of pre-experience postgraduate finance courses and post-experience programmes. Also, learn how the tables were compiled and read the rest of our coverage.

The rankings are based on information collected in two separate surveys. The first is of the business schools and the second of alumni who completed their degrees in 2019.

For a school to be eligible for the rankings, at least 20 per cent of its alumni must respond to the FT survey, with a minimum of 20 completed surveys. Due to the pandemic, the FT considered schools with a lower response rate. In total, it surveyed 6,264 graduates from pre-experience programmes and 339 alumni from post-experience courses. The two surveys achieved a response rate of 35 per cent and 22 per cent respectively.

There are 16 different categories in the pre-experience ranking, and alumni responses inform seven categories that together constitute 59 per cent of the total weight. The other 10 categories are calculated from the school data and account for the remaining 41 per cent.

The post-experience table has 16 categories, and alumni responses inform seven criteria that make up 62 per cent of the total weight. The remaining nine categories are taken from the school data and account for 38 per cent.

In both rankings, the current average salary of alumni has the highest weighting: 20 per cent. Local salaries are converted to US dollars using purchasing power parity rates supplied by the IMF. Salaries are normalised by removing the highest and lowest salaries reported.

The pre-experience ranking measures average salary increase between the first post-masters job on completion and today — a timespan of about three years.

The post-experience ranking calculates the average salary difference from before starting the masters to now — a timespan of about four years. Salary increase has a respective weight of 10 per cent and 20 per cent in each ranking. Half of this figure is calculated according to the absolute increase and half according to the relative percentage increase (the figure published in the table).

Data provided by schools are used to measure the diversity of teaching staff, board members and students by gender and citizenship, plus the international reach of the programme. For the gender criteria, schools with a 50:50 (male to female) composition receive the highest score. When calculating international diversity, in addition to schools’ percentage of international students and faculty — the figures published — the FT also considers the proportion of international students from each country of citizenship.

For the post-experience rankings, however, the calculations of value for money differ in that the total cost of the degree also includes the opportunity cost — the cost of not working during the programme.

All alumni criteria use information collected from 2022 and, if available, 2021 and 2020. Responses from 2022 carry 50 per cent of the total weight and those from 2021 and 2020 each account for 25 per cent, except for salary data which is 50 per cent for each year. If only two years of data are available, the weighting is split 60:40 if data are from 2022 and 2021, or 70:30 if from 2022 and 2020, except for salary data which is 50 per cent for each year.

Finally, a relative FT score is calculated for each school. First, Z-scores — formulas that reflect the range of scores between the top and bottom schools — are calculated for each ranking criterion. These scores are then weighted, according to the weights outlined in the key to the ranking, and added together to give a final score. Schools are ranked accordingly, creating the FT Masters in Finance rankings.

Judith Pizer of Pizer-MacMillan acted as the FT’s database consultant.

Key to the rankings

Weights for the ranking criteria are shown below in brackets — (pre-experience) [post-experience] — as a percentage of the overall ranking.

Weights for the ranking criteria are shown below in brackets — (pre-experience) [post-experience] — as a percentage of the overall ranking.

Salary today US$ (20) [20]: average alumnus salary three years after completion, US$ purchasing power parity (PPP) equivalent. †

Salary percentage increase (10) [20]: for pre-experience alumni, this is the average difference in their salary between completion and today, but for post-experience alumni, the difference is from before the masters to now. †

Value for money (5) [3]: calculated according to alumni salaries today, course length, tuition fees and other costs. †

Career progress (6) [5]: calculated according to changes in the level of seniority and the size of the company/organisation alumni are working for between completion and now (for pre-experience) or before their masters and today (for post-experience). †

Aims achieved (5) [3]: the extent to which alumni fulfilled their goals. †

Careers service (5) [3]: effectiveness of the school careers service in terms of career counselling, personal development, networking events, internship search and recruitment, as rated by their alumni. †

Employed at three months % (5) [3]: percentage of the most recent completing class that found employment within three months of finishing their programme. Not all schools have employment data for their entire cohort*

Female faculty % (5) [5]: percentage of female faculty.

Female students % (5) [5]: percentage of female students on the masters.

Women on board % (1) [1]: percentage of women on the school advisory board.

International faculty % (5) [5]: calculated according to faculty diversity by citizenship and the percentage whose citizenship differs from their country of employment (published figure).

International students % (5) [5]: calculated according to the diversity of current students by citizenship and the percentage whose citizenship differs from their country of study.

International board % (1) [1]: percentage of the board whose citizenship differs from the school’s home country.

International work mobility (8) [8]: based on alumni citizenship and the countries where they worked before their masters, on completion and three years after completion.†

International course experience (8) [8]: calculated according to whether the most recent completing masters class carried out exchanges and internships, lasting at least a month, in countries other than where the school is based. †

Faculty with doctorates % (6) [5]: percentage of full-time faculty with doctoral degrees.

The following are for information only and are not used in the rankings:

Average course length: average completion time of the programme for the latest graduating class.

Internships: percentage of the most recent completing class that completed an internship, with a company or organisation as part of the masters programme.

Overall satisfaction: average evaluation by alumni of the masters course, scored out of 10. After alumni answered various questions about their masters experience, including the quality of the school’s careers service, they were asked to rate their overall satisfaction, on a 10-point scale.

For gender-related criteria, schools with 50:50 male/female composition receive the highest possible score.

† Includes data from current and two previous rankings where available.

* Class that completed masters between April 2021 and March 2022

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